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初中英语 阅读

一、考题回顾

二、考题解析

【教案】

My grandma

Teaching aims

Students are able to grasp the main idea of the passage about grandma.

Students can sharpen their reading abilities, such as getting the main idea and extracting detailed information from the text.

Students will strengthen their understanding of simple past tense and know how to describe a person.

Students can cherish their family members and learn to be grateful.

Key and difficult points

Key point

To understand the content of the reading material and know how to describe a person.

Difficult point

To sharpen their reading abilities and learn to be grateful.

Teaching procedures

Step 1: Warming-up

1. Daily greeting.

2. Let students enjoy a movie clip named Kapoor and Sons and ask them what this movie is mainly about. Ask students to answer the question. Then tell them that Kapoor and Sons tells a story about the grandfather who always wanted a family photo, a seemingly simple wish but hard to come true.

3. Lead in the topic naturally according to the movie.

Step 2: Pre-reading

Present some pictures of famous characters to students and ask them to describe them by using adjectives. For example, “short” to describe the photo of Pan Changjiang, “kind” to describe Han Hong and “cheerful” to describe the comedian Jia Ling.

Show a picture of grandma to ask students to predict what characteristics will be mentioned in the reading passage.

Step 3: While-reading

1. Global reading

Read the passage for students and ask them to find the main idea of the reading material.

Then invite one student to write the answer on the blackboard. Check the answer together with students.

2. Detailed reading

Ask students to read the passage again. They need to pay attention to the key words and read word by word within 5 minutes. Later, students should answer the following two questions:

Q1: What are grandma’s appearance and personality traits?

Q2: How does the author feel for grandma?

Then lead students to fill in the chart on the blackboard.

3. Ask students to read after the tape and pay attention to different tenses. Then explain to them that the simple past tense refers to the action or statement happened in the past, the structure is “-ed”; while the simple future tense refers to the action or statement will happen in the future and its structure is “will + V”.

Step 4: Post-reading

Ask students to describe their conversant friends or family members in groups of four. 5 minutes will be given for discussion. Students have to apply what they have mastered in the conversation. During the discussion, necessary help will be offered. Later, invite some representatives to share in the front.

Step 5: Summary and Homework

Summary: summarize today’s lesson with students together. Ask students to cherish family members and be grateful for their love.

Homework: ask students to make a list of ten little things that they can do for their family members, and execute it within seven days.

Blackboard design

Teaching reflection

【答辩题目解析】

1.你认为预测文章内容重要吗?为什么?

1. Do you think it is important to predict the content of this article? And why?

【参考答案】

我认为预测文章内容十分重要,因此我在本节课读前环节也有所体现。

首先,读前预测是为阅读热身准备的过程。在读前活动中,学生了解文本内容信息将有助于他们树立阅读信心,明确阅读任务以及减少阅读过程中的障碍。

其次,预测是一个积极思维的过程,基于同一话题能够延伸多种多样的设想,能够激发学生的创新思维和独立思考能力。

总之,预测文章内容是十分有效的读前活动,对于学生的阅读理解有着重要的辅助作用。

【Suggested version】

I think it’s important to predict the content of the text, so I’ve conducted prediction activity that in my pre-reading section of this class.

First of all, prediction is a warming up process for reading. Students’ understanding of text content and information in pre-reading activities will help them build up reading confidence, clarify reading tasks and reduce their obstacles in reading process.

Secondly, prediction is a process of positive thinking, which can extend a variety of assumptions based on the same topic and stimulate students’ innovative thinking and independent thinking ability.

In a word, predicting the content of a text is a very effective activity, which plays an important auxiliary role in students’ reading comprehension.

2.你通常为讨论环节分配几分钟?时间足够吗?

2. How long do you normally set for your discussion part? Is it enough?

【参考答案】

我通常将讨论时长设置为5分钟,我觉得5分钟的讨论时长对于学生来说基本足够。

首先,我会在讨论前明确讨论主题和探讨方向,避免学生偏题或者毫无探讨方向。

其次,在讨论过程中,我会在教室巡场,关注讨论情况。在讨论过程中,我会注意倾听学生的发言,一旦讨论出现离题现象,应及时提醒学生注意所要讨论的论题,有时也可以临时中止讨论,通过小结来理顺学生的思路。

因此,在讨论前指令明确,讨论中条理清楚的情况下,我认为5分钟的讨论时间是合适并且足够的。

【Suggested version】

I usually set 5 minutes for the discussion part, which I think is basically enough for students.

First of all, I will clarify the topic and direction of discussion before their discussion, so as to avoid students deviating from the topic or having no direction at all.

Secondly, during the discussion, I will walk around the classroom and pay attention to their discussion. Meanwhile, I will listen to what students are discussing. Once their discussion deviates from the topic, I will remind them to go back to the topic in time. Occasionally, I may temporarily stop the discussion and straighten out the students’ thoughts through the summary.

Therefore, when the instructions are clear before the discussion and the ongoing discussion is well organized, I think 5 minutes for discussion is appropriate and sufficient.

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